The Works of Edgar Allan Poe — Volume 3

By Edgar Allan Poe

Page 112

were encountered, and shortly afterward the clouds
to the southward were observed to be of a snowy whiteness, indicating
the vicinity of field ice. In latitude 71 degrees 10’, longitude 106
degrees 54’ W., the navigators were stopped, as before, by an immense
frozen expanse, which filled the whole area of the southern horizon. The
northern edge of this expanse was ragged and broken, so firmly wedged
together as to be utterly impassible, and extending about a mile to the
southward. Behind it the frozen surface was comparatively smooth for
some distance, until terminated in the extreme background by gigantic
ranges of ice mountains, the one towering above the other. Captain Cook
concluded that this vast field reached the southern pole or was
joined to a continent. Mr. J. N. Reynolds, whose great exertions and
perseverance have at length succeeded in getting set on foot a national
expedition, partly for the purpose of exploring these regions, thus
speaks of the attempt of the Resolution. “We are not surprised that
Captain Cook was unable to go beyond 71 degrees 10’, but we are
astonished that he did attain that point on the meridian of 106 degrees
54’ west longitude. Palmer’s Land lies south of the Shetland, latitude
sixty-four degrees, and tends to the southward and westward farther than
any navigator has yet penetrated. Cook was standing for this land when
his progress was arrested by the ice; which, we apprehend, must always
be the case in that point, and so early in the season as the sixth
of January--and we should not be surprised if a portion of the icy
mountains described was attached to the main body of Palmer’s Land,
or to some other portions of land lying farther to the southward and
westward.”

In 1803, Captains Kreutzenstern and Lisiausky were dispatched by
Alexander of Russia for the purpose of circumnavigating the globe. In
endeavouring to get south, they made no farther than 59 degrees 58’, in
longitude 70 degrees 15’ W. They here met with strong currents setting
eastwardly. Whales were abundant, but they saw no ice. In regard to this
voyage, Mr. Reynolds observes that, if Kreutzenstern had arrived where
he did earlier in the season, he must have encountered ice--it was March
when he reached the latitude specified. The winds, prevailing, as they
do, from the southward and westward, had carried the floes, aided by
currents, into that icy region bounded on the north by Georgia, east
by Sandwich Land and the South Orkneys, and west by the South Shetland
islands.

In 1822, Captain James Weddell, of the British navy, with two very small
vessels, penetrated

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Text Comparison with Eureka: A Prose Poem

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His plan referred altogether to sensation.
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The quibble lies concealed in the word "difficulty.
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" "It is a sphere," he says, "of which the centre is everywhere, the circumference, nowhere.
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They are part and parcel of the _sphere_.
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I assumed no _continuous_ irradiation; and for the simple reason that such an assumption would have involved, first, the necessity of entertaining a conception which I have shown no man _can_ entertain, and which (as I will more fully explain hereafter) all observation of the firmament refutes--the conception of the absolute infinity of the Universe of stars--and would have involved, secondly, the impossibility of understanding a reaction--that is, gravitation--as existing now--since, while an act is continued, no reaction, of course, can take place.
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Thus _The Body and The Soul walk hand in hand_.
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I use the phrase "_apparent_ accident;" for of accident in the ordinary sense there was, of course, nothing:--the term is properly applied only to the result of indistinguishable or not immediately traceable _law_.
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"[11] The "exceptions" refer to those frequent gaps in the Heavens, where our utmost scrutiny can detect not only no stellar bodies, but no indications of their existence:--where yawning chasms, blacker than Erebus, seem to afford us glimpses, through the boundary walls of the Universe of Stars, into the illimitable Universe of Vacancy, beyond.
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of aggregation:--and in this direct drawing together of the systems into clusters, with a similar and simultaneous drawing together of the clusters themselves while undergoing consolidation, we have at length attained the great _Now_--the awful Present--the Existing Condition of the Universe.
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on the 1st of November, and the succeeding volumes will be issued on the first day of each month until completed;--as follows: _The Sketch-Book, in one volume.
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