is well fortified; and in this respect is as much indebted to nature
as to art."
"There are a prodigious number of stately palaces."
"And the numerous temples, sumptuous and magnificent, may bear
comparison with the most lauded of antiquity."
All this I must acknowledge. Still there is an infinity of mud huts, and
abominable hovels. We cannot help perceiving abundance of filth in
every kennel, and, were it not for the over-powering fumes of idolatrous
incense, I have no doubt we should find a most intolerable stench.
Did you ever behold streets so insufferably narrow, or houses so
miraculously tall? What gloom their shadows cast upon the ground! It
is well the swinging lamps in those endless colonnades are kept burning
throughout the day; we should otherwise have the darkness of Egypt in
the time of her desolation.
"It is certainly a strange place! What is the meaning of yonder singular
building? See! it towers above all others, and lies to the eastward of
what I take to be the royal palace."
That is the new Temple of the Sun, who is adored in Syria under the
title of Elah Gabalah. Hereafter a very notorious Roman Emperor
will institute this worship in Rome, and thence derive a cognomen,
Heliogabalus. I dare say you would like to take a peep at the divinity
of the temple. You need not look up at the heavens; his Sunship is not
there--at least not the Sunship adored by the Syrians. That deity will
be found in the interior of yonder building. He is worshipped under the
figure of a large stone pillar terminating at the summit in a cone or
pyramid, whereby is denoted Fire.
"Hark--behold!--who can those ridiculous beings be, half naked, with
their faces painted, shouting and gesticulating to the rabble?"
Some few are mountebanks. Others more particularly belong to the race
of philosophers. The greatest portion, however--those especially who
belabor the populace with clubs--are the principal courtiers of the
palace, executing as in duty bound, some laudable comicality of the
"But what have we here? Heavens! the town is swarming with wild beasts!
How terrible a spectacle!--how dangerous a peculiarity!"
Terrible, if you please; but not in the least degree dangerous. Each
animal if you will take the pains to observe, is following, very
quietly, in the wake of its master. Some few, to be sure, are led with a
rope about the neck, but these are chiefly the lesser or timid species.
The lion, the tiger, and the leopard are entirely without restraint.
They have been trained without difficulty to their present
profession, and attend upon their
This constitution has been effected by _forcing_ the originally and therefore normally _One_ into the abnormal condition of _Many_.Page 17
Although the immediate and perpetual _tendency_ of the disunited atoms to return into their normal Unity, is implied, as I have said, in their abnormal diffusion; still it is clear that this tendency will be without consequence--a tendency and no more--until the diffusive energy, in ceasing to be exerted, shall.Page 26
We have no right to assume, then, from what we observe in rules that we choose foolishly to name "principles," anything at all in respect to the characteristics of a principle proper.Page 27
These attempts, however, although considered bold and justly so considered, looked no farther than to the generality--the merest generality--of the Newtonian Law.Page 28
A very slight inspection of the Heavens assures us that the stars have a certain general uniformity, equability, or equidistance, of distribution through that region of space in which, collectively, and in a roughly globular form, they are situated:--this species of very general, rather than absolute, equability, being in full keeping with my deduction of inequidistance, within certain limits, among the originally diffused atoms, as a.Page 30
My assumption, then, or rather my inevitable deduction from just premises--was that of a _determinate_ irradiation--one finally _dis_continued.Page 35
"In the beginning" we can admit--indeed we can comprehend--but one _First Cause_--the truly ultimate _Principle_--the Volition of God.Page 37
And if here, for the mere sake of cavilling, it be urged, that although my starting-point is, as I assert, the assumption of absolute Simplicity, yet Simplicity, considered merely in itself, is no axiom; and that only deductions from axioms are indisputable--it is thus that I reply:-- Every other science than Logic is the science of certain concrete relations.Page 41
The outer atom, however, with its superior velocity, approaches the centre; carrying this superior velocity with it as it goes.Page 43
Uranus, adopting a rotation from the collective rotations of the fragments composing it, as previously explained, now threw off ring after ring; each of which, becoming broken up, settled into a moon:--three moons, at different epochs, having been formed, in this manner, by the rupture and general spherification of as many distinct ununiform rings.Page 56
And if now, it be demanded why, in the case of these systems--of these merely Titanic atoms--I speak, simply, of an "assemblage," and not, as in the case of the actual atoms, of a more or less consolidated agglomeration:--if it be asked, for instance, why I do not carry what I suggest to its legitimate conclusion, and describe, at once, these assemblages of system-atoms as rushing to consolidation in spheres--as each becoming condensed into one magnificent sun--my reply is that [Greek: mellonta tauta]--I am but pausing, for a moment, on the awful threshold of _the Future_.Page 70
And here, once again and finally, it seems proper to suggest that even as yet we have been speaking of trifles.Page 73
Of these there are about 100 millions.Page 77
I quoted, just now, from Sir John Herschell, the following words, used in reference to the clusters:--"On one hand, without a rotary motion and a centrifugal force, it is hardly possible not to regard them as in a state of _progressive collapse_.Page 88
From the 2d London edition, Edited by H.Page 96