The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket Comprising the details of a mutiny and atrocious butchery on board the American brig Grampus, on her way to the South Seas, in the month of June, 1827.

By Edgar Allan Poe

Page 55

in various manners. In moderate weather,
it is frequently done with a view of merely bringing the vessel to a
stand-still, to wait for another vessel, or any similar object. If the
vessel which lies to is under full sail, the manoeuvre is usually
accomplished by throwing round some portion of her sails so as to let
the wind take them aback, when she becomes stationary. But we are now
speaking of lying to in a gale of wind. This is done when the wind is
ahead, and too violent to admit of carrying sail without danger of
capsizing; and sometimes even when the wind is fair, but the sea too
heavy for the vessel to be put before it. If a vessel be suffered to
scud before the wind in a very heavy sea, much damage is usually done
her by the shipping of water over her stern, and sometimes by the
violent plunges she makes forward. This manoeuvre, then, is seldom
resorted to in such case, unless through necessity. When the vessel is
in a leaky condition, she is often put before the wind even in the
heaviest seas; for, when lying to, her seams are sure to be greatly
opened by her violent straining, and it is not so much the case when
scudding. Often, too, it becomes necessary to scud a vessel, either
when the blast is so exceedingly furious as to tear in pieces the sail
which is employed with a view of bringing her head to the wind, or
when, through the false modelling of the frame or other causes, this
main object cannot be effected.

Vessels in a gale of wind are laid to in different manners, according
to their peculiar construction. Some lie to best under a foresail, and
this, I believe, is the sail most usually employed. Large square-rigged
vessels have sails for the express purpose, called storm-staysails. But
the jib is occasionally employed by itself--sometimes the jib and
foresail, or a double-reefed foresail, and not unfrequently the
after-sails, are made use of. Foretopsails are very often found to
answer the purpose better than any other species of sail. The Grampus
was generally laid to under a close-reefed foresail.

When a vessel is to be laid to, her head is brought up to the wind just
so nearly as to fill the sail under which she lies, when hauled flat
aft, that is, when brought diagonally across the vessel. This being
done, the bows point within a few degrees of the direction from which
the wind issues, and the windward bow of course receives the shock

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Text Comparison with The Works of Edgar Allan Poe — Volume 3

Page 2
By these and other means he had managed to lay by a tolerable sum of money.
Page 6
I come to this resolution, when, suddenly, a loud and long scream or yell, as if from the throats of a thousand demons, seemed to pervade the whole atmosphere around and above the boat.
Page 16
I would bring the watch to your box, but am afraid of being missed.
Page 27
in a large hand, and apparently in red ink, became distinctly visible.
Page 31
At length I felt his hand upon my shoulder, and he placed, at the same moment, a bottle of water to my lips.
Page 35
I have been thus particular in speaking of Dirk Peters, because, ferocious as he appeared, he proved the main instrument in preserving the life of Augustus, and because I shall have frequent occasion to mention him hereafter in the course of my narrative--a narrative, let me here say, which, in its latter portions, will be found to include incidents of a nature so entirely out of the range of human experience, and for this reason so far beyond the limits of human credulity, that I proceed in utter hopelessness of obtaining credence for all that I shall tell, yet confidently trusting in time and progressing science to verify some of the most important and.
Page 51
Jim Bonner belonged to the cook’s gang, of which Peters was a partisan.
Page 97
Having barely escaped this danger, our attention was now directed to the dreadful imminency of another--that of absolute starvation.
Page 101
In this neighborhood, but more frequently to the south and east of the promontory (we were to the westward), navigators have often to contend with storms from the northward, which rage with great fury.
Page 114
” He remained in this neighbourhood during the whole of the following month, but was unable to approach the coast nearer than within ten leagues, owing to the boisterous state of the weather.
Page 136
I firmly believed that no incident ever occurring in the course of human events is more adapted to inspire the supremeness of mental and bodily distress than a case like our own, of living inhumation.
Page 139
Strong cords of grape vine were attached to the stakes still remaining on the hill, and it was evident that such cords had also been attached to each of the other stakes.
Page 166
I have felt it in the glances of unusually aged people.
Page 167
Page 191
The confession I am about to make will add another to the already almost innumerable instances of the truth of the position.
Page 202
I spoke at length, and perseveringly of my devotion, of my passion--of her exceeding beauty, and of my own enthusiastic admiration.
Page 203
About all this there was a nobility of soul--a dignity of candor--which delighted--which enchanted me--which eternally riveted my chains.
Page 205
By the by,” she continued, “have you any recollection--” and here I fancied that a blush, even through the gloom of the apartment, became distinctly visible upon her cheek--“have you any recollection, mon cher ami of this little ocular assistant, which now depends from my neck?” As she spoke she twirled in her fingers the identical double eye-glass which had so overwhelmed me with confusion at the opera.
Page 218
a somewhat equivocal expression.
Page 219
The other limb, confined by no such fetter, stuck off from the body at right angles, causing the whole loose and rattling frame to dangle and twirl about at the caprice of every occasional puff of wind which found its way into the apartment.