Eureka

By Edgar Allan Poe

Page 19

du tout, en fait,
l'Univers sidéral, nous pouvons l'accepter, avec quelque réserve
mentale, comme une définition (suffisamment rigoureuse pour l'utilité
pratique) de l'Univers proprement dit, c'est-à-dire de l'Univers
considéré comme espace. Ce dernier, prenons-le donc pour _une sphère
dont le centre est partout, et la circonférence nulle part._ Dans le
fait, s'il nous est impossible de nous figurer une fin de l'espace,
nous n'éprouvons aucune difficulté à imaginer un commencement
quelconque parmi une série infinie de commencements.



IV


Comme point de départ, adoptons donc la _Divinité._ Relativement à
cette Divinité, considérée en _elle-même,_ celui-là seul n'est pas un
imbécile, celui-là seul n'est pas un impie, qui n'affirme absolument
rien. «Nous ne connaissons rien, dit le baron de Bielfeld, nous ne
connaissons rien de la nature ou de l'essence de Dieu;--pour savoir ce
qu'il est, il faut être Dieu même.»

_Il faut être Dieu même!_ Malgré cette phrase effrayante, vibrant
encore dans mon oreille, j'ose toutefois demander si notre ignorance
actuelle de la Divinité est une ignorance à laquelle l'âme est
_éternellement_ condamnée.

Enfin, contentons-nous aujourd'hui de supposer que c'est Lui,--Lui,
l'Incompréhensible (pour le présent du moins),--Lui, que nous
considérerons comme _Esprit,_ c'est-à-dire comme _non-Matière_
(distinction qui, pour tout ce que nous voulons atteindre, suppléera
parfaitement à une définition),--Lui, existant comme Esprit, qui
nous a _créés,_ ou faits de Rien, par la force de sa Volonté,--dans
un certain point de l'Espace que nous prendrons comme centre, à une
certaine époque dont nous n'avons pas la prétention de nous enquérir,
mais en tout cas immensément éloignée;--supposons, dis-je,'que c'est
lui qui nous a faits,--mais faits ... _quoi?_ Ceci est, dans nos
considérations, un point d'une importance vitale. _Qu_'étions-nous,
_que_ pouvons-nous supposer légitimement avoir été, quand nous fûmes
_créés,_ nous, univers, primitivement et individuellement?

Nous sommes arrivés à un point où l'Intuition seule peut venir à
notre aide. Mais qu'il me soit permis de rappeler l'idée que j'ai
déjà suggérée comme la seule qui puisse convenablement définir
l'intuition. Elle n'est que _la conviction naissant de certaines
inductions ou déductions dont la marche a été assez secrète pour
échapper à notre conscience, éluder notre raison, ou défier notre
puissance d'expression._ Ceci étant entendu, j'affirme qu'une intuition
absolument irrésistible, quoique indéfinissable, me pousse à conclure
que [ce que] Dieu a originairement créé,--que cette Matière qu'il a,
par la force de sa Volonté, tirée de son Esprit, ou de Rien, ne peut
avoir été autre chose que la Matière dans son état le plus pur, le plus
parfait, de ... de quoi?--de _Simplicité._

Ce sera là la seule _supposition_ absolue dans mon discours. Je me sers
du mot supposition dans son sens ordinaire; cependant je maintiens que
ma proposition primordiale, ainsi formulée, est loin,

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31.