Cuentos Clásicos del Norte, Primera Serie

By Edgar Allan Poe

Page 10

la vida misma: no ofrecía más
solución que descarríos y muerte. Para el norteamericano de hoy el
rechazo de Poe por la vida es una especie de filosofía opiada que
debería compadecerse tanto como cualquier otro hábito anormal.




III


Los críticos asimilan a menudo a Háwthorne con Poe, y los temas graves y
sombríos de ambos parece que debieran relacionarlos. Difieren
esencialmente, sin embargo, en cuanto a propósitos y método. Háwthorne
no es poeta por naturaleza, aunque su prosa sea poética y todas sus
obras sean de imaginación; es, ante todo, un pensador, un observador de
la vida, un psicólogo en arte y un escéptico en filosofía. Parecerá
quizá extraño dar el calificativo de escéptico a un escritor de espíritu
tan generoso, de sentimientos tan leales como Nathániel Háwthorne; pero
un pequeño estudio de sus obras en relación con las ideas
trascendentales que rodearon su adolescencia y sus primeros años
viriles, convencerá al observador de que la conciencia puritana de
Háwthorne le impulsaba a investigaciones infatigables de la filosofía
que pasaba por verdadera entre sus asociados. El lector que no haya
tenido oportunidad de conocer las doctrinas de Álcott y de Émerson puede
encontrar indudablemente bastante belleza y elevación en Háwthorne para
compensar el estudio de sus obras. Aun sin conocer las doctrinas que él
ponía en duda, podemos admirar su fantasía en _La imagen de nieve_; su
talento en parábolas tiernas o festivas en _El May-Pole de Merry Mount_
y _El experimento del doctor Héidegger_; su profundo patriotismo en El
anciano campeón y las _Leyendas de la casa provincial_; sus dotes
incomparables para describir una conciencia atormentada en _El retrato
de Édward Rándolph_ y _El entierro de Róger Malvin_. Pero la orientación
intelectual de la mayor parte de sus obras más meditadas resultaría
obscura a menos de haber leído a nuestro jovial Émerson o a nuestro
escritor más festivo aún, Álcott. La doctrina de estos autores acerca de
la confianza en sí mismo, de la necesidad de vivir en el presente sin
respeto servil por el pasado, ha tenido inmensa boga en los Estados
Unidos, y se ha reforzado con la poderosa influencia de Walt Whitman;
pero Háwthorne hizo proyectar esta doctrina sobre esbozos fantásticos
como _El experimento del doctor Héidegger o Féathertop_, y sobre
novelas más largas, como si hiciera un análisis de laboratorio respecto
de su verdad. Álcott y Émerson creían con sublime optimismo que el mal
se cambia al fin en bien; que existe, según la frase de Émerson, un
principio de sacarina en todas las cosas. Háwthorne desarrolló también
esta doctrina en cuentos como _El entierro de Róger Malvin_. Podrían
producirse otros ejemplos tomados de

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Text Comparison with Selections from Poe

Page 2
Going to Boston, he published a thin volume of boyish verse, "Tamerlane, and Other Poems," but realizing nothing financially,[1] he enlisted in the United States Army as Edgar A.
Page 9
Perhaps, too, he inherited from his actor parents a love of applause, and if so, the trait was certainly encouraged in early childhood.
Page 32
20 By the lakes that thus outspread Their lone waters, lone and dead,-- Their sad waters, sad and chilly With the snows of the lolling lily; By the mountains--near the river 25 Murmuring lowly, murmuring ever; By the gray woods, by the swamp Where the toad and the newt encamp; By the dismal tarns and pools Where dwell the Ghouls; 30 By each spot the most unholy, In each nook most melancholy,-- There the traveller meets aghast Sheeted Memories of the Past: Shrouded forms that start and sigh 35 As they pass the wanderer by, White-robed forms of friends long given, In agony, to the Earth--and Heaven.
Page 47
II Hear the mellow wedding bells, 15 Golden bells! What a world of happiness their harmony foretells! Through the balmy air of night How they ring out their delight! From the molten-golden notes, 20 And all in tune, What a liquid ditty floats To the turtle-dove that listens, while she gloats On the moon! Oh, from out the sounding cells, 25 What a gush of euphony voluminously wells! How it swells! How it dwells On the Future! how it tells Of the rapture that impels 30 To the swinging and the ringing Of the bells, bells, bells, Of the bells, bells, bells, bells, Bells, bells, bells-- To the rhyming.
Page 56
For something of this nature I had indeed been prepared, no less by his letter than by reminiscences of certain boyish traits, and by conclusions deduced from his peculiar physical conformation and temperament.
Page 57
" I learned moreover at intervals, and through broken and equivocal hints, another singular feature of his mental condition.
Page 63
I had taken but few turns in this manner, when a light step on an adjoining staircase arrested my attention.
Page 66
Completely unnerved, I leaped to my feet; but the.
Page 69
them believe that I have been, in some measure, the slave of circumstances beyond human control.
Page 75
Yet, at this distant day, let me do him the simple justice to acknowledge that I can recall no occasion.
Page 92
We never set out upon this expedition without a steady side wind for going and coming--one that we felt sure would not fail us before our return--and we seldom made a miscalculation upon this point.
Page 96
But while we were up I had thrown a quick glance around--and that one glance was all sufficient.
Page 108
This soon ripened into, friendship--for there was much in the recluse to excite interest and esteem.
Page 115
You shall go to bed, and I will remain with you a few days, until you get over this.
Page 119
with lunacy, and I became seriously anxious about getting him home.
Page 137
At length one of the most aged of the women said that she had heard of such a place as _Bessop's Castle_, and thought that she could guide me to it, but that it was not a castle, nor a tavern, but a high rock.
Page 138
When you left the Bishop's Hotel, what then?" "Why, having carefully taken the bearings of the tree, I turned homewards.
Page 145
We also measured the thickness of every book-_cover_, with the most accurate admeasurement, and applied to each the most jealous scrutiny of the microscope.
Page 149
This functionary, however, has been thoroughly mystified; and the remote source of his defeat lies in the supposition that the Minister is a fool, because he has acquired renown as a poet.
Page 160
15.